Dwarf Gourami: Essential Care Guide and Tropical Fish Species Profile

Species Overview

Gourami is a species tropical freshwater labyrinth fish of the macropod family Osphronemids. They live in Southeast Asia. Trichogaster is named after the Latin word “trichos” which means “threads” / “trichos”. In todays classification gaster had been replaced with a foot. Tactile mustaches after a loss are easily recoverable. It is a popular aquarium species. It consists of six different types. Trichogaster was named (the body has threads on the abdomen), he received the light in their pelvica’s fin, and they grew up to become long threads in water.

Care Level:Easy
Temperament:Peaceful
Color:Multicolored and variable
Lifespan:~5 years
Size:4–4.5 inches
Diet:Omnivore
Family:Osphronemidae
Minimum Tank Size:10 gallons
Tank Setup:Freshwater, heavily planted
Compatibility:Widely compatible

Dwarf Gourami Size

How big do dwarf gouramis get?

Dwarf gouramis get to be around 3.5 inches long when they mature. However, the general range is 2 inches to 4 inches.

As a general rule, one inch of fish requires at least a gallon of water to live comfortably, so you should factor in a fish’s adult size when determining how big of a tank you need and how many fish you can keep in it.

Pearl Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf Gourami Lifespan

How long does a gourami live?

A gourami lives for three to five years. Depending on the species, however, certain gouramis can live longer. For example, pearl gouramis have a lifespan of five to eight years when provided with proper tank conditions and a healthy diet.

Here are some things you can do to prolong their lifespan and keep them healthy:

  • Provide them with ample swimming space
  • Avoid overcrowding the tank
  • Provide them with plenty of decorations, plants, and hiding spots
  • Feed them a healthy and varied omnivore diet
  • Maintain their ideal water conditions
  • Clean the tank and change the water regularly
  • Avoid housing them with aggressive and nippy tankmates

What Are The Different Types Of Dwarf Gourami?

There are several types of dwarf gourami, including blue, powder blue, and flame varieties. These fish are popular choices for freshwater tanks and aquariums because they are relatively easy to care for. Dwarf gouramis are typically
peaceful fish, but can be semi-aggressive towards other gourami species. They are also known for their striking colors and patterns, which can include stripes or spots.

Blue Dwarf

This fantastically colored fish is one of the most beautiful variations of these species. As their name suggests, blue dwarf gouramis are bright blue and almost glowing. They have distinguishable reddish-brown lines running across their sides and fins.

Their fins also have a light brown edging. Their scales are large, easily recognizable, and are located very close to each other.

Powder Blue Dwarf Gourami

Similar to the blue dwarf gourami, the powder blue dwarf gourami has almost no other colors mixed in and is much brighter than its friends mentioned above. Although this variation isn’t supposed to have anything apart from blue on their body, dark colors sometimes manage to slip in.

Flame Dwarf

The flame dwarf gourami variation earned gouramis their popularity 40 years ago. After this color mutation, interest in breeding and keeping gouramis shot up.

Looking somewhat like ember tetras, the body of this fish is bright red with an orange gradient. Their fins also have a mix of these two colors.

Honey Dwarf Gourami
The Honey Dwarf

Honey Dwarf

The honey dwarf gourami has a more modest coloring. They are mostly dark red with some orange mixed in. Their caudal fin will almost always be colorless. Their other fins will sometimes have dark patches that in some cases reach the body. However, you can find honey dwarfs with completely black or grey heads.

Neon Blue Dwarf Gourami

The neon blue gouramis retain their beautiful blue color and improve upon it, making it twice as bright and visually striking. They also have red stripes running across their body, which under particularly good conditions may become even brighter and turn the fish into a crazy splash of blue and red.

What Are Some Good Dwarf Gourami Tank Mates?

A good list of Dwarf Gouramis best tank mates can be found below:

  • Otocinclus Catfish (Otocinclus sp.)
  • PygmyCories – Pygmy Corydoras (Corydoras pygmaeus hastatus habrosus)
  • Panda Corydoras (Corydoras panda)
  • Most Corydoras Catfish (Cory Catfish)
  • Harlequin Rasboras (Trigonostigma heteromorpha)
  • Amano Shrimp (Caridina japonica)
  • Cherry Barb (Puntius titteya)
  • Kuhli Loach (Pangio spp.)
  • Zebra Danios *Our Favorite Gourami tank mates
  • Guppies
  • Molly Fish
  • Platies
  • Swordtails
  • Siamese Algae Eaters
  • Ram Cichlids
  • Boesemani Rainbow
  • Ghost Fish (Glass Catfish)
  • Glowlight Tetra (Hemigrammus erythrozonus)
  • Ember Tetra (Hyphessobrycon amandae)
  • Other varieties of Tetra fish
  • Bristlenose Pleco (Ancistrus sp.)
  • Dwarf Crayfish (Cambarellus sp.)
  • Other Gouramis, of course, make good tank mates

The dwarf gourami is not very large, as their name implies. Although males can be aggressive with other species of animals, they are otherwise unfriendly to humans. This group requires tank mates that are not too big or violent to avoid
being attacked or killed. The ideal kind of fish for mixing dwarf gourami is small, peaceful fish. Gourami come from black water environment in South East Asia – such as slow flowing rivers, ponds or rice paddies. They are highly adapted to
warm water, that is soft and mildly acidic, and they can grow thick.

Generally, they are peaceful fish that make good tank mates for other similar species. Selecting proper dwarf gourami tank mates is fairly simple: select fish with similar temperament and prefer a similar environment.

Can Dwarf Gouramis Live in a Community Tank?

Dwarf gouramis can make good community fish, provided their tank mates are peaceful. They are particularly happy in groups of at least four individuals, so they make good candidates for community tanks. However, if their tank mates are too
aggressive, they can become frightened and stressed. They will usually hide away to avoid confrontation and will lose interest in eating. If this happens, the fish may stop growing or even die.

Are Dwarf Gouramis Friendly?

Dwarf gouramis are fairly friendly by nature. However, as with other gourami species, male dwarf gouramis can become territorial when they reach maturity. This is especially true if there is only one male in the tank. In these cases, the
males may chase and nip at each other until one of them establishes dominance over the others. Once this has been done, however, males tend to leave each other alone unless there is another compatible male in the tank that they can pair up
with. Females do not generally become territorial but may chase each other from time to time during spawning season.

Can angelfish live with gouramis?

Yes, angelfish can live with gouramis. They are compatible tank mates and can get along nicely. However, because angelfish can be aggressive and territorial at times, make sure they don’t differ much in size.

Here are some other things you need to do if you’re keeping angelfish and gouramis together:

  • Avoid overcrowding the tank
  • Provide them with lots of decorations and hiding spots
  • Keep tall plants and floating plants in the tank
  • Maintain the ideal water conditions that suit both species
  • Feed them healthy, varied diets
  • Monitor the tank dynamics regularly
  • Be prepared to separate them if the situation becomes too hostile
  • Separate them when one species is breeding

Habitat and Tank Conditions

The ideal tank for a dwarf gourami fish is an aquarium with a small amount of slow-moving water and plenty of floating plants. These fish do best in a community tank with other small fish as their tank mates. Regular water changes are
important to keep the tank clean and the fish healthy.

These fish do best in a community tank with other small fish as their tank mates. Regular water changes are important to keep the tank clean and the fish healthy. The addition of live plants can also be beneficial, as they help to oxygenate
the water and provide hiding places for the fish.

Tank Size

What size tank does a dwarf gourami need?

A dwarf gourami needs a minimum tank size of 10-gallons. As a rule, one inch of fish requires at least a gallon of water to live comfortably, and a dwarf gourami usually grows to be around 3.5 inches long when mature. Thus, a minimum tank
size of 10 gallons is required for a pair of dwarf gouramis.

As social creatures, dwarf gouramis thrive best in large groups of at least four fish. Therefore, you should have a minimum tank size of 20 gallon tank (or bigger) to keep your gouramis happy and social.

Breeding Dwarf Gourami

Dwarf gouramis are a type of labyrinth fish, which means they have a special organ that allows them to breath air directly from the surface. This makes them well-suited to living in smaller tanks or aquariums. They are also known for being
good community fish, getting along well with other tank mates.

When breeding dwarf gourami, it is best to use a separate breeding tank. This tank should be at least 10 gallons in size, and should have floating plants and some live food available for the fry (baby fish). The water level should be kept
low, and the water temperature should be around 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

To encourage breeding, you can try adding a powder blue dwarf gourami to your community tank. These fish are known to be good parents and will often build a bubble nest for their fry. However, you may still need to remove the fry to a
separate tank after they are born, as adult dwarf gouramis can sometimes eat their young.

Dwarf Gourami Diet and Feeding

How often should you feed gouramis?

You should feed your gouramis twice a day. Only feed them small amounts of food to prevent the water from becoming dirty and contaminated. Give your gouramis no more than what they can eat within two or three minutes.

You should pay attention to the quality of their diet as well. Most gouramis are omnivores and thrive best when given a high-quality, varied diet. The best foods for gouramis include:

  • Floating pellets and flakes
  • Brine shrimps
  • Freeze-dried bloodworms
  • Small insects
  • Insect larvae
  • Earthworms
  • Tubifex
  • Algae rounds
  • Spirulina flakes

Dwarf gouramis are typically surface-feeders that prefer live food, although they will accept high-quality frozen or freeze-dried foods as well. A good diet for a dwarf gourami includes bloodworms, brine shrimp, daphnia, and other small
live or frozen foods. To ensure that your dwarf gourami gets enough to eat, place the food at the surface of the water where he can easily reach it. You may also want to consider feeding your dwarf gourami with smaller fish such as neon
tetras to ensure that he gets enough to eat.

Dwarf Gourami Care Guide

A dwarf gourami is a beautiful, easy to care for fish that is perfect for any aquarium. They are peaceful and make a great addition to any community tank. Dwarf gouramis are very hardy fish and can live in a wide range of water conditions.
They are also very adaptable to different tank sizes and setups. However, there are a few things to keep in mind when caring for your dwarf gourami.

First, dwarf gouramis prefer slow moving water and tank sizes of at least 10 gallons. They also prefer floating plants and a moderate amount of hiding places. It is important to do regular water changes and monitor the water quality closely
as dwarf gouramis are susceptible to disease if the water quality is not up to par.

Another important aspect of dwarf gourami care is diet. They are omnivores and will eat both live and frozen food. However, it is important to give them a variety of food so they get all the nutrients they need. A good rule of thumb is to
feed them small amounts several times a day rather than one large meal.

Dwarf Gourami FAQs

Are dwarf gouramis hard to keep?

The dwarf gourami (“Tichogaster lalius”) has an extremely popular reputation for its brilliant blue colours and quiet demeanor. These species perform exceptionally well in community tanks and are generally difficult plants to keep.

How many blue gourami should be kept together?

The number of gourami species which live together varies according to the tanks capacity. Ideally, two or three gouramis fill about 10 gallon bottles of water, so you’d need five gallons more for each additional gourami.

Are blue gourami aggressive?

The Gourami Blues are aggressive. They also have gold and a kiss of fish. You cant stop them because that is their natural way. It’s likely that when we took down Blue Dwarves they would begin attacking a different species of fish in our
tank.

Will blue gourami eat other fish?

Gourami eat other animals too. Although gouramis are usually tranquil they are nonetheless predatory. They are known for eating small fish.

What fish can live with gourami fish?

Best Gourami Tank mates: Corydora – Panda. The pandas. Glow-light Tetras (Hemimigramme erythrozonus). Kuhloac – Pangiospp. Harlesquin rastrassus (Trigonostigma heteromorphus). Breezenose plecho. Ancistrus species. Amano crab (Caridino
japonica),… dwarf crabfish (Camarotus spp.). Mystery snail (Pomacea bridgesi) Corydora pandas (Corydora spp.) Glowlit Tetra – Hémigrammuserythrozonus : Kuhlie Loach. Harlequin rastroda (Trignostigma heteromorpha).. Bristlesnose Plec
(Ancistrus spp.)… Amani crabs. Caridinica japonica. Dwarfs Crayfish (Cambarellus sp.)… Mystery swine (Pomacaea bridgesii)

Are gouramis good community fish?

Gourami is a diverse group of medium-sized fishes. Some are easily able to be stored within an aquarium, but certain species play poorly with others, some of the species are too timid for keeping with any type of fish.

Can dwarf gouramis live alone?

Because dwarf gourami are a social fish, they need a couple or a smaller school. This is normal. If left alone, they will be timid and will spend days hiding out.

Conclusion

Dwarf Gourami one-of-a-kind, beautiful fish that people are drawn to.

The Dwarf Gourami are an excellent fish to keep in your aquarium, however rather than playing well with others or doing anything striking, Dwarf Gourami are completely boring.

We hope that this care guide helps you look after your Dwarf Gourami and ensure they a happy life!


Sources:
Encyclopedia of Life
Britannica

Gill

Gill

Lucky author of gillsfish.com (waited years for the domain). I've always kept a few tanks going. I keep a few African cichlids around in my 50 gallons but primarily focus on our 100 gallon which changes nearly every month depending on what my kids may have in mind.

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