Yellow Peacock Cichlid

Yellow Peacock Cichlid
Latin name:
(Aulonocara baenschi)

Care Level








Preferred Conditions

76-82° F, KH 10-15, pH 7.8-8.6

Avg. Max Size


Minimum Tank Size

55 gallons


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Are you captivated by the vibrant colors and striking patterns of cichlids? Among the most sought-after species is the Yellow Peacock Cichlid, an exquisite fish that adds a splash of beauty to any aquarium. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the world of Yellow Peacock Cichlids, exploring their unique characteristics, behavior, and how to provide them with the best care.

Yellow Peacock Cichlid: A Burst of Color

The Yellow Peacock Cichlid, scientifically known as Aulonocara stuartgranti, is a captivating fish native to Lake Malawi in East Africa. These fish are renowned for their stunning coloration, which ranges from bright yellow to deep orange, often adorned with intricate patterns and markings. Their elongated bodies and flowing fins add to their graceful appearance, making them a true spectacle in any aquarium.

Habitat and Behavior

Yellow Peacock Cichlids thrive in the rocky shores and shallow waters of Lake Malawi. They are territorial fish that establish and defend their own territories, often engaging in aggressive behavior towards other fish. In the wild, they feed primarily on small invertebrates and algae, using their specialized mouths to scrape food from rocks and crevices.

Aquarium Requirements

To provide Yellow Peacock Cichlids with an optimal environment, a spacious aquarium with a capacity of at least 50 gallons is recommended. The tank should be decorated with rocks and driftwood to create hiding places and territories. A sandy substrate is preferred, as it mimics their natural habitat. The water should be kept clean and well-filtered, with a pH between 7.5 and 8.5 and a temperature range of 75°F to 82°F.

Diet and Nutrition

Yellow Peacock Cichlids are omnivorous fish that require a balanced diet to maintain their vibrant colors and overall health. A combination of high-quality commercial cichlid food, live or frozen foods such as brine shrimp and daphnia, and occasional treats like bloodworms can provide them with the necessary nutrients. It’s important to avoid overfeeding, as this can lead to health problems.

Breeding and Reproduction

Yellow Peacock Cichlids are mouthbrooders, meaning the female incubates the eggs in her mouth until they hatch. Breeding pairs should be carefully selected, and a separate breeding tank is recommended to ensure the safety of the fry. The fry can be fed with finely crushed flakes or specialized fry food until they are large enough to accept larger food items.

Common Diseases and Health Issues

Like all fish, Yellow Peacock Cichlids are susceptible to certain diseases and health issues. Ich, a parasitic infection, and bacterial infections like fin rot are common problems that can be treated with appropriate medications. Maintaining good water quality and providing a healthy diet can help prevent the occurrence of these diseases.

Lifespan and Longevity

With proper care and maintenance, Yellow Peacock Cichlids can live for up to 10 years in captivity. Providing them with a suitable environment, a balanced diet, and regular monitoring of their health can help ensure their long-term well-being.

FAQs About Yellow Peacock Cichlids

  1. Q: Are Yellow Peacock Cichlids aggressive?
    A: Yes, they can be aggressive towards other fish, especially during breeding season or when defending their territory.
  2. Q: What is the ideal tank size for Yellow Peacock Cichlids?
    A: A 50-gallon aquarium is recommended to provide them with ample space to swim and establish territories.
  3. Q: What is the best diet for Yellow Peacock Cichlids?
    A: A combination of high-quality commercial cichlid food, live or frozen foods, and occasional treats can provide them with a balanced diet.


Yellow Peacock Cichlids are captivating fish that add a vibrant splash of color to any aquarium. Their unique characteristics, behavior, and relatively easy care requirements make them a popular choice among fish enthusiasts. By providing them with the right environment, diet, and care, you can ensure that these beautiful fish thrive and bring joy to your aquarium for years to come.