Lohachata Botia Loach

Lohachata Botia Loach
Latin name:
(Botia lohachata)

Care Level





Black, White, Yellow



Preferred Conditions

72-86° F, KH 8-12, pH 6.0-7.5

Avg. Max Size


Minimum Tank Size

30 gallons


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Welcome to the captivating world of Lohachata Botia Loach, a remarkable freshwater fish species that has captured the hearts of aquarium enthusiasts worldwide. Known for their vibrant colors, playful behavior, and peaceful nature, these fish make an excellent addition to any community aquarium.

Lohachata Botia Loach: An Overview

The Lohachata Botia Loach, scientifically known as Botia lohachata, belongs to the Cyprinidae family. These fish originate from the pristine waters of Myanmar and Thailand, where they inhabit clear streams and rivers with rocky substrates. They possess an elongated body adorned with stunning patterns and hues, making them a visual delight in any aquarium.

Physical Characteristics

  • Body Shape: Lohachata Botia Loach exhibits a torpedo-shaped body, allowing for swift and agile movements in their natural habitat.
  • Coloration: Their coloration is a captivating blend of hues, ranging from vibrant orange and yellow to striking black and white patterns. The combination of these colors creates a mesmerizing display in the aquarium.
  • Fins: These fish possess long, flowing fins that add grace and elegance to their appearance. The dorsal fin, located along the back, is particularly prominent and contributes to their distinctive profile.

Behavior and Temperament

Lohachata Botia Loach are generally peaceful and sociable fish that thrive in community aquariums. They display playful and active behavior, often engaging in playful chases and interactions with their tank mates. However, it’s important to note that they can become territorial during breeding season, so providing ample hiding spaces and maintaining a balanced gender ratio is crucial.

Essential Care Requirements for Lohachata Botia Loach

To ensure the well-being and longevity of Lohachata Botia Loach, it’s essential to provide them with an environment that closely resembles their natural habitat. This includes creating a suitable tank setup, maintaining optimal water conditions, and offering a nutritious diet.

Tank Setup

  • Tank Size: A minimum tank size of 20 gallons is recommended for a small group of Lohachata Botia Loach. However, a larger tank is always preferable as it provides more swimming space and reduces the risk of overcrowding.
  • Substrate: A fine gravel or sand substrate is ideal for these fish, as they enjoy sifting through the substrate in search of food and hiding spots.
  • Decorations: Providing plenty of hiding places, such as rocks, driftwood, and plants, is crucial for their well-being. This creates a sense of security and reduces stress levels.

Water Conditions

  • Temperature: Lohachata Botia Loach prefer warm water temperatures ranging from 72°F to 82°F (22°C to 28°C). Maintaining a stable temperature within this range is essential for their health and vitality.
  • pH Level: The ideal pH level for these fish is between 6.0 and 7.5. It’s important to monitor and adjust the pH level regularly to ensure it remains within this optimal range.
  • Hardness: Lohachata Botia Loach prefer soft to moderately hard water with a hardness range of 5 to 15 dGH. Maintaining the appropriate water hardness is crucial for their overall well-being.

Diet and Nutrition

Lohachata Botia Loach are omnivorous fish with a varied diet. They readily accept a wide range of food items, including live, frozen, and prepared foods. Offering a balanced diet that includes a variety of protein sources, vegetables, and fruits is essential for their health and vitality.

Breeding Lohachata Botia Loach

Breeding Lohachata Botia Loach in a home aquarium can be a challenging but rewarding experience. Creating the right conditions and providing the necessary care is crucial for successful breeding.

Breeding Conditions

  • Separate Breeding Tank: A separate breeding tank is recommended to provide the pair with a controlled and stress-free environment.
  • Water Conditions: The breeding tank should have the same water conditions as the main tank, including temperature, pH level, and hardness.
  • Spawning Substrate: Providing a spawning substrate, such as marbles or spawning mops, encourages the fish to lay their eggs.

Breeding Behavior

When the conditions are right, the male and female Lohachata Botia Loach will engage in a courtship ritual. The male will display vibrant colors and chase the female around the tank. Once the female is ready to lay eggs, she will deposit them on the spawning substrate.

Common Diseases and Health Issues

Lohachata Botia Loach are generally hardy fish, but they are susceptible to certain diseases and health issues. Maintaining a clean and well-maintained aquarium, along with providing a balanced diet, can help prevent these problems.

Ich (White Spot Disease)

Ich is a common parasitic infection that can affect Lohachata Botia Loach. It manifests as small white spots on the fish’s body and fins. Treatment involves raising the tank temperature and using appropriate medications.

Fin Rot

Fin rot is a bacterial infection that affects the fins of the fish. It causes the fins to become ragged and eroded. Treatment involves using antibiotics and maintaining clean water conditions.

FAQs for Aquarium Enthusiasts

  1. Q: How many Lohachata Botia Loach can I keep in a 20-gallon tank?
    A: It’s recommended to keep a small group of 6-8 Lohachata Botia Loach in a 20-gallon tank to ensure they have enough space to swim and thrive.
  2. Q: What is the ideal diet for Lohachata Botia Loach?
    A: A balanced diet consisting of live, frozen, and prepared foods, including protein sources, vegetables, and fruits, is essential for their health and vitality.
  3. Q: How can I encourage breeding in Lohachata Botia Loach?
    A: Creating a separate breeding tank with the right water conditions and providing a spawning substrate can help encourage breeding behavior.


Lohachata Botia Loach are captivating freshwater fish that bring beauty and vitality to any aquarium. By providing them with a suitable habitat, maintaining optimal water conditions, and offering a nutritious diet, aquarium enthusiasts can ensure the well-being and longevity of these fascinating creatures. Whether you’re a seasoned aquarist or just starting out, the Lohachata Botia Loach is sure to capture your heart with its charm and playful nature.