Ghost Shrimp – Freshwater

Ghost Shrimp - Freshwater
Latin name:
(Paleomonetes sp.)

Care Level





Clear, Orange, Yellow



Preferred Conditions

68-85° F, KH 3-10, pH 6.5-8.0

Avg. Max Size


Minimum Tank Size

10 gallons


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Have you ever been captivated by the ethereal beauty of Ghost Shrimp? These tiny, translucent crustaceans, also known as Glass Shrimp, possess an almost magical quality that makes them a popular choice for freshwater aquariums. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll delve into the fascinating world of Ghost Shrimp, exploring their unique characteristics, care requirements, breeding habits, and how to create a thriving habitat for these intriguing creatures.

Ghost Shrimp: An Overview

Ghost Shrimp, scientifically classified as Palaemonetes paludosus, belong to the family Palaemonidae. They are native to the southeastern United States, inhabiting freshwater habitats such as swamps, marshes, and slow-moving streams. These shrimp are characterized by their transparent bodies, which allow you to see their internal organs. They typically grow to a length of about 1.5 inches and have a lifespan of approximately one year.

Characteristics and Behavior

Ghost Shrimp possess several distinctive characteristics that set them apart from other shrimp species. Their transparent bodies, as mentioned earlier, provide a unique glimpse into their inner workings. They have long, slender bodies with a slightly curved back. Their coloration can vary from clear to a pale grayish-brown, depending on their environment and diet. Ghost Shrimp are generally peaceful and social creatures, coexisting harmoniously with other shrimp and small fish species.

Care Requirements for Ghost Shrimp

Providing proper care for Ghost Shrimp is essential for their well-being and longevity. Here are some key factors to consider:

Water Parameters

Ghost Shrimp thrive in freshwater with a pH range of 6.5 to 7.5 and a temperature range of 65 to 75 degrees Fahrenheit. They are sensitive to sudden changes in water parameters, so it’s important to maintain stability. Regular water changes of about 20% every two weeks are recommended to keep the water clean and free of pollutants.

Tank Size and Setup

Ghost Shrimp can be kept in a variety of tank sizes, but a 10-gallon tank is a good starting point for a small group of shrimp. The tank should have a secure lid to prevent the shrimp from jumping out. Substrate options include fine gravel or sand, and live plants are highly recommended as they provide hiding places, grazing opportunities, and help maintain water quality.

Diet and Feeding

Ghost Shrimp are omnivorous and will readily accept a variety of foods. They enjoy eating algae, biofilm, and small invertebrates. You can supplement their diet with commercial shrimp food, blanched vegetables, and occasional treats like freeze-dried bloodworms or brine shrimp. Feed them small amounts several times a day to avoid overfeeding.

Breeding Ghost Shrimp

Breeding Ghost Shrimp is relatively easy, provided you have a healthy and well-established colony. Here’s a step-by-step guide:

Selecting Breeding Pairs

Choose healthy, sexually mature shrimp. Males are typically smaller and have longer, more prominent claws than females. Place the selected pairs in a separate breeding tank.

Mating and Egg Carrying

Mating occurs when the male shrimp transfers his sperm to the female’s underside. The female will carry the fertilized eggs under her abdomen for several weeks until they hatch.

Hatching and Care of Fry

Once the eggs hatch, the tiny shrimp, known as fry, will be free-swimming. They are very small and require specialized food, such as finely crushed flake food or infusoria. Keep the fry in a separate tank until they are large enough to join the main tank.

Creating a Thriving Habitat for Ghost Shrimp

To ensure the well-being of your Ghost Shrimp, it’s important to create a thriving habitat that meets their specific needs:

Live Plants

Live plants are essential for Ghost Shrimp. They provide hiding places, grazing opportunities, and help maintain water quality by absorbing nitrates. Java moss, water sprite, and hornwort are all excellent choices for Ghost Shrimp tanks.

Hiding Places

Ghost Shrimp appreciate having plenty of hiding places to feel secure. You can provide hiding spots using rocks, driftwood, or commercially available shrimp caves.

Water Flow

Ghost Shrimp prefer gentle water flow. A sponge filter or power filter with a low flow rate is ideal. Avoid strong currents, as they can stress the shrimp.

FAQs About Ghost Shrimp

Here are some frequently asked questions about Ghost Shrimp:

Q: How many Ghost Shrimp can I keep in a 10-gallon tank?

A: You can keep a group of 10-15 Ghost Shrimp in a 10-gallon tank, provided you maintain good water quality and provide them with adequate hiding places.

Q: Can Ghost Shrimp live with other fish?

A: Yes, Ghost Shrimp can coexist peacefully with small, non-aggressive fish species. However, avoid keeping them with larger, predatory fish, as they may become prey.

Q: How long do Ghost Shrimp live?

A: Ghost Shrimp typically have a lifespan of about one year in captivity. However, with proper care and maintenance, they may live for longer.


Ghost Shrimp are fascinating and rewarding creatures to keep in a freshwater aquarium. Their transparent bodies, peaceful nature, and ease of care make them a popular choice for both beginner and experienced aquarists. By understanding their unique characteristics and providing them with a suitable habitat, you can create a thriving environment for these intriguing shrimp to thrive and showcase their ethereal beauty.