Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish

Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish
Latin name:
(Amphiprion percula)

Care Level

Moderate

Temperament

Semi-aggressive

Color(s)

Black, Orange, White

Diet

Omnivore

Preferred Conditions

sg 1.020-1.025, 72-78° F, dKH 8-12, pH 8.1-8.4

Avg. Max Size

3″

Minimum Tank Size

Family

Pomacentridae
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The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish, also known as the Black Ocellaris Clownfish, is a captivating marine fish species native to the tropical waters of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. Renowned for its striking appearance and captivating behavior, this fish has become a popular choice among saltwater aquarium enthusiasts worldwide.

Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish: An Overview

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish is a small, yet captivating fish species, typically reaching a maximum length of around 3 inches. Its body is adorned with vibrant black and white stripes, with a distinctive black patch around its eyes, resembling a mask. This striking coloration serves as a warning to potential predators, as the fish is known to possess a venomous sting.

Habitat and Distribution

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish inhabits the shallow waters of coral reefs, primarily in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. They are commonly found in association with sea anemones, particularly those belonging to the genus Stichodactyla, which provide them with shelter and protection from predators.

Behavior and Diet

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish is a territorial species, forming monogamous pairs that defend their territory aggressively. They exhibit a symbiotic relationship with sea anemones, utilizing their stinging tentacles for protection while providing the anemone with food scraps and debris.

Their diet primarily consists of small crustaceans, zooplankton, and algae. In captivity, they can be fed a variety of live and frozen foods, including brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and finely chopped seafood.

Care and Maintenance

Keeping the Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish in an aquarium requires a dedicated setup and proper care to ensure their well-being. Here are some essential considerations for their successful maintenance:

Tank Size and Setup

A minimum tank size of 20 gallons is recommended for a pair of Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish. The tank should be equipped with a filtration system, heater, and protein skimmer to maintain water quality and provide a stable environment.

Water Parameters

The ideal water parameters for the Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish are as follows:

  • Temperature: 72-78°F (22-26°C)
  • pH: 8.1-8.4
  • Salinity: 1.020-1.025

Diet and Feeding

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish should be fed a varied diet consisting of live and frozen foods, such as brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and finely chopped seafood. Feed them small amounts several times a day to prevent overfeeding.

Compatibility

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish can be kept with other peaceful fish species, including other clownfish species, damselfish, and gobies. However, it’s important to avoid housing them with aggressive or territorial fish that may harass or harm them.

Breeding and Propagation

Breeding the Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish in captivity is possible with proper care and conditions. Here are some key factors to consider:

Pair Formation

Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish form monogamous pairs, and it’s essential to introduce a compatible pair into the aquarium for successful breeding.

Breeding Tank Setup

A separate breeding tank is recommended to provide a controlled environment for spawning. The tank should be equipped with a filtration system, heater, and protein skimmer, as well as a spawning substrate, such as live rock or ceramic tiles.

Spawning and Egg Care

When the conditions are right, the female will lay eggs on the chosen substrate, and the male will fertilize them. The eggs typically hatch within 6-8 days, and the fry should be fed live food, such as rotifers and brine shrimp nauplii.

Conclusion

The Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish is a captivating and rewarding fish species for saltwater aquarium enthusiasts. With proper care and maintenance, these fish can thrive and bring beauty and fascination to any marine aquarium.

FAQs

  1. Q: What is the lifespan of a Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish?
    A: The lifespan of a Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish in captivity can range from 5 to 10 years with proper care and maintenance.
  2. Q: Can Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish be kept in a community tank?
    A: Yes, Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish can be kept in a community tank with other peaceful fish species, provided that the tank is large enough and there are plenty of hiding places.
  3. Q: What are some common diseases that affect Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish?
    A: Common diseases that may affect Black Onyx True Percula Clownfish include clownfish disease, marine ich, and velvet disease. Regular monitoring and proper water quality maintenance can help prevent these diseases.

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